"La Jota" appears as a hallmark of Aragon in any festive event, and although this is true, does not exhaust the range of other festive events linked to the customs of each of the various locations and the permanence of its history in every corner of this land.
The first thing to note is that many Christian festivals such as John or Corpus are superimposed on the pre-Christian and pagan rite, coming tax the astronomical rate, marked by the seasons, crops and other agricultural uses determinants life.
Other parties have a strong political overtones, as the April 23, (San Jorge (Saint George) National Day of Aragon), or the March 5 in Zaragoza.
There are also purely religious as Easter processions .
Finally other celebrations as the carnival or the running of heifers in the villages, which have a distinctly festive character and popular participation.
As an example may be mentioned the following:
It is celebrated every year on the last Sunday in August.
Ansó becomes a living museum ansotano suit.
It starts with a parade at noon, followed by Mass and a parade through the village, where visitors enjoy the beauty of traditional ansotano suit.
In the afternoon there is a fiesta.
A Museum of Costume of Huesca at the town hall and parish church.
Locality of the Aragonese Pyrenees famous for the celebration of one of the oldest carnivals in Spain, which did not even leave us
to be held during Franco's dictatorship.
Ancient rites related to the mythology of the fertility of Nature and the liberation of the souls of the dead are revived.
In a village of about 500 people, all young people take to the streets to celebrate these rites. The The most terrifying characters in his presence, are trangas, men dressed as devils or fauns with ezas, their faces painted black with soot and oil, and huge mouths with teeth made from potatoes. Cover the back with sheepskins and wear long skirts pictures.
In the back hang " zenzerros ", " cañablas " or " tricks " that sound as jump and dance, beating the ground with the " trangas " or rods pastor. After starring hunting and domestication of onso or bear skins and costumed characters burlap sacks, walking crouched supported by two canes. In the Pyrenean popular mythology, the onso is a mythical animal, symbol and guardian of the world of the dead, who released precisely at this time. It is also the hero figure sacrificial victim.
Another character is the "amontato ", horse-knight who leads souls to heaven..
As a counterpoint, the "madamas", girls who wear white suits lush with colorful ribbons, fertility goddesses.
In the Middle Ages, the Count Don Aznar fought against the invaders to defend the ancient capital of the Kingdom of Aragon, Jaca, the so-called Pearl of the Pyrenees.
The battle could only be won by the women of Jaca, who came disguised to help jacetanos warriors.
A medieval festival is every first Friday of May each year this tradition, with characters mounted on horseback, and squads of soldiers farmers and artisans, armed with shotguns, fired volleys into the air. There are tournaments and fair, and turned a beautiful show of flags.
As evidence of ancient Aragonese sports like shot bar.
It is celebrated on late July and early August, Sunday being the last day.
Held in odd years in Jaca and peers in Oloron (France).
It has been declared Party of interest. It folk groups from around the world showcase their dances and traditions in the Congress.
But the real party is on the street, with impromptu performances in which the audience is mixed and continuous parade.
There are also conferences and exhibitions of crafts, instruments, stamps and other objects from the participating countries.
In Jaca (June 25) and Yebra de Basa (July 25), they occur also Pilgrimages Santa Orosia, famous throughout Europe until about sixty years ago, being the relics of the body of the saint separated and conserved in the two villages (body on the one hand and head on the other), which had the power to release demons people (espiritaus and espiritadas) who came to the pilgrimage. It held one of the most ancient dances in the Pyrenees, the " palotiaus", accompanied by the music of a sacred and ancient instruments, the chiflo (flute of three holes) and the harp strings.
The medieval village of Ainsa, famous for its international summer music festivals, celebrates a dramatic representation of the legend
Tree or Carrasca of Sobrarbe, in the vicinity of the main square, arcaded stone, under the shadow of the imposing tower of the church fortress. In verse drama involved disguised as knights and ladies Christians and Moors also the character of the devil, almost all the villagers. Ximén legend (Garci Ximénez) conquers the town and then faces open to Muslims returning to recover field, magically getting new forces to victory, thanks to a cross fire who appears on an oak or oak.
This legendary symbol was incorporated into the shield of Aragon.
It is celebrated around 13-17 September.
It is a dance in which the Devil is the protagonist. Old incalculable, with the first written reference to 1750, and celtíbero origin according to scholars, it is an impressive and magical acrobatic dance and dramatic performance at a time, always human towers crown devil, jumps, somersaults, swords ...
is held at night, with only the light of the torches. The costumes of the dancers are some black and others white, wearing white masks, and the devil costume is red, with white flowers and sprigs. The music is based on bagpipes and drums.
It is celebrated on May 19, the feast of San Juan Lorenzo. Cetina is a village of Zaragoza, 125 km. of the capital, cradle of Esperanza de Mendoza, who was the wife of the famous writer Francisco de Quevedo. It preserved palace and the chapel where they were married in 1634.
Much less known than the bagpipe, the Aragonese is still used in many dances, and has special features: made with whole goat skin, clipping, so you have animal form rather than " pear ", taking advantage of the areas of the legs to put the drones, which, in turn, in places, are lined snakeskin ritually. The air vessel, or " boto " (hence it is called "gaita de boto") is covered with colorful fabrics and flowers (legend has it that the first legendary Piper had a daughter who died as a child, so he covered his bagpipes with your dress, so cries when the Aragonese bagpipe sounds).
Spectacular dances accompanied by bagpipes, are eg La Almolda and Monegrillo, the two locations of the Monegros, desert and steppe region of Aragon where proliferated this musical instrument.
If you want to extend your information on Aragon you can begin crossing another interesting route is the Mudejar, Patrimony of the Humanity, also you can extend your cultural knowledge on Aragon examining its municipal and institutional heraldry without forgetting, of course, some of its emblematics figures as Saint George Pattern of Aragon also book of Aragon.
The information will not be complete without a stroll by its three provinces: Zaragoza, Teruel and Huesca and his shines, with shutdown in some of its spectacular landscapes like Ordesa, the Moncayo or by opposition the Ebro.
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Celebrations of the Peoples of Aragon.
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