The name of Aragon, originally belonging to a small area around Jaca Pyrenean, will own a kingdom that stretches along the eastern Iberian Peninsula:
the Kingdom of Aragon, who once joined him Catalonia, forming the Crown of Aragon, became known throughout the Mediterranean area.
The location of present-day Aragon denotes its essential characteristic passage from Europe, across the Pyrenees to east and center of the Peninsula, the Mediterranean to the Castilian Catalan, from the Basque Country following the bank of the Ebro, to his wide valley.
No doubt the first settlers established in these lands were aware of the nature of crossroads that mark its history. Successive races and peoples came, mingled and settled in the current Aragon. The result of its passage are the Aragonese and its history.
Aragonés population is demonstrated from the earliest times of prehistory. In the province of Teruel can visit remnants of the Mesolithic-Levantine rock art-in Mazaleón, Albarracín, Valdealgorfa and Santolea, among others.
In the area of Castiliscar, Borja and Belchite are present the Neolithic and Bronze Age, while in the Pyrenees last for centuries dolmens still standing today.
By the year 600 before our era towns in Central Aragon introduced the use of iron. Some of its modern towns we visit in Lower Aragon (Calaceite, Caspe, Fabara, Maella) and Azaila or Juslibol. In short, a temptation for anyone who cares about the history of man.
With the founding of Cesaraugusta (Zaragoza), the year 24 BC, the Romans gained the support necessary for conquest. Romanization was so early in the first century of our era that both the people of Cesaraugusta (Zaragoza) such as Bilbilis (near Calatayud) Osca (Huesca) and Turiaso (Tarazona) category were Roman citizens.
After the parenthesis Visigoth Aragon reach a people who will leave an important historical-cultural Muslims.
The long Muslim presence in Aragon in art can be summarized in a single monument: the Aljaferia Palace of Zaragoza, capital of a vast territory called Mark or upper boundary.
The heart is in the Romanesque cathedral of Jaca (circa 1063, the first Romanesque cathedral in Spain) the most wonderful example of Romanesque full.
Mozarabic art is in the original center of the monastery of San Juan de la Pena as its finest. Some authors include this style in various churches in the region of Serrablo: Espierre, San Bartolome de Gavín, San Pedro de Lárrede, Oliva, San Juan de Busa Satué, Susín and Otal.
Roman expansion into the southern Aragon stopped because of geographical constraints rather than historical reasons.
The heyday of Mudejar period coincides with the heyday of the Gothic: the late thirteenth and early fourteenth century.
The fourteenth century was the period of greatest artistic strength of the history of Aragon, lived as the new Renaissance spirit, imported from Italy, and demonstrations Gothic and Mudejar.
If you want to extend your information on Aragon you can begin crossing another interesting route is the Mudejar, Patrimony of the Humanity, also you can extend your cultural knowledge on Aragon examining its municipal and institutional heraldry without forgetting, of course, some of its emblematics figures as Saint George Pattern of Aragon also book of Aragon.
The information will not be complete without a stroll by its three provinces: Zaragoza, Teruel and Huesca and his shines, with shutdown in some of its spectacular landscapes like Ordesa, the Moncayo or by opposition the Ebro.
Fauna | Flora | Geology | Fungi |
Tourism | Mudejar | Goya | Alphabetical Index | Thematic
Aragon Historical Crossroads. History. Rome, Romanesque, Mudejar, Renaissance, Mediterranean.
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