Aragon > Zaragoza> Calcena
The history of Calcena is little studied. Campanian ceramics from the Neolithic have been found in the Cueva Honda (funeral cave) and remains of human activity in the Cueva Hermosa (cave room).
The Celtiberian tribe of the Lusones settled in this area and we know from the Romans that they exploited the silver mines of Valdeplata.
The disposition of its hamlet and the craft tradition of its inhabitants remained from the Muslim period.
The region was conquered by Alfonso I around 1120.
Given its border nature, during the offensive of Pedro I of Castilla (year 1362) in the war with Pedro IV of Aragon, the population was evacuated to the castle of Tierga.
Already in 1382 Calcena belonged to the Bishop of Tarazona. This situation was maintained until the disappearance of the lordships in the s. XIX. The land belonged to the clergy and its Moorish population dedicated itself to cattle raising, handicrafts (glass and cloth were exported outside the Kingdom) and the exploitation of silver mines. This allowed its period of greatest splendor in the 16th and 17th centuries. At this time the parish church and the hermitages that surround the Villa are rebuilt. However, the expulsion of the Moors (year 1610), the plague of 1653, the low profitability of the silver mines compared to those of the New Continent and the lack of markets for the rough artisan products began the decline of Calcena.
In 1785 Calcena acquired the status of Villa.
During the War of Independence Juan Martín "El Empecinado" defeated the French here and it was looted by both sides.
In 1857 its population reached 1,313 inhabitants, perhaps due to the reopening of the Valplata mines. But at the beginning of the XX the economic situation should not be good. The petition that the town made to Alfonso XIII in 1911 to emigrate to America is famous and the mines closed in 1914 due to continuous flooding. Given the abandonment by the institutions and the lack of profitability of a subsistence economy, its population has been decreasing until reaching the current situation.
It also has other points of interest:
Town Hall: 976829230
Isuela river cars: 976829292
Public Telephone: 976829262
Information provided by the Cultural Association "Friends of the Villa de Calcena". F. Ruiz.
If you want Ample your information on Aragon you can begin crossing some Monasteries, o 40 Castles another interesting route is the Mudejar, Patrimony of the Humanity, also you can extend your cultural knowledge on Aragón examining its municipal and institutional heraldy without forgetting, of course, some of its emblematicas figures as San George Pattern of Aragon or its personages I illustrate adding to these data a minimum crossed by its history o some books.
The information will not be complete without a stroll by its three provinces: Zaragoza, Teruel and Huesca and ours varied Regions, with shutdown in some of its spectacular landscapes like Ordesa or the Moncayo or by opposition in the valle of the Ebro.
Calcena : Historical Aspects
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